Iranian Handicrafts: Ihrami – Tehran Times


TEHRAN – Ihrami is a kind of traditional Iranian cloth that is traditionally produced in the southwestern province of Khuzestan.

This fabric with simple geometric patterns is made of cotton or wool yarn using textile machines. In the past, some kind of Ihram cloth was produced without any pattern as Ihram’s special attire during the Hajj pilgrimage.

However, nowadays Ihrami fabrics are woven in various sizes and shapes of prayer rugs, doormats, bedspreads, bags and the like.

In Yazd province a fabric named “Harami” and in Ilam province another type named “Ihram” are woven which in terms of material, design, pattern, size and color are different. of the Ihrami of Khuzestan.

The patterns, color and design of Ihrami fabrics are created from the memory of the weaver. There is no predefined design involved and they are usually created based on a general shape. Due to the technique of making Ihrami, no cursive pattern can be applied to it, but they are geometric and symmetrical.

According to Visit Iran, the most common designs of Khuzestan Ihrami are diamonds, pines, double diamonds, single bands, “Tikhorusi” bands, “Ajorkari” (brick), butterfly, “Kheshti” (Adobe), ” Arusaki ”(doll), and“ Busehye Do Mahi ”(two kissing fish). Ihrami’s designs are somewhat representative of the pottery designs of the Susa civilization hundreds of years ago.

Bright and bright colors such as red, yellow, blue, green, and white are common in Ihram. Today, most of these products are seventy to one hundred and ten centimeters or one hundred and fifty to one hundred centimeters.

Located at the head of the Persian Gulf and bordering Iraq to the west, Khuzestan was colonized around 6000 BC by a people having affinities with the Sumerians, originally from the Zagros Mountains region.


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